Alcohol Abuse

Middle-Aged Heavy Drinkers Have Increased Stroke Risks

Middle-Aged Heavy Drinkers Have Increased Stroke Risks

Posted on April 15th, 2015

People who qualify as middle-aged heavy drinkers have significantly increased chances of experiencing a stroke, regardless of other stroke-related factors, according to the results of a new study from a team of Czech, Swedish and American researchers.

Heavy drinking is a pattern of dangerous alcohol consumption primarily associated with increased chances of developing diagnosable symptoms of alcohol use disorder (alcoholism and/or alcohol abuse). In a study published in January 2015 in the American Heart Association journal Stroke, researchers calculated the impact that heavy alcohol consumption has on the odds that a middle-aged man or woman will experience a potentially fatal stroke.

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College Students Under Stress Turn to Alcohol

College Students Under Stress Turn to Alcohol

Posted on April 14th, 2015

New findings from a team of Canadian researchers indicate that the presence of short-term or acute stress has a significant impact on the amount of alcohol consumed by college undergraduates.

Compared to the general population, college students in the U.S. are heavily affected by a highly dangerous, drunkenness-inducing pattern of short-term alcohol consumption known as binge drinking. In a study published in March 2015 in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism, researchers from Canada’s Queen’s University examined the impact that exposure to acute stress has on the amount of alcohol that college students consume in any given drinking session. These researchers concluded that there is a close connection between students’ alcohol consumption and level of acute stress exposure.

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How Often Do Older People Have Alcohol Problems?

How Often Do Older People Have Alcohol Problems?

Posted on March 18th, 2015

In a study review published in January 2015 in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism, researchers from the United Kingdom’s University of Sheffield used data gathered from a range of the world’s industrialized nations to determine how often people in various countries age 51 and older experience diagnosable alcohol problems and subsequently modify their problematic drinking behaviors. In the U.S. and much of the rest of the world, alcohol consumption and problematic drinking behaviors tend to reach their highest levels in young people in the early stages of adulthood. However, while researchers and public health officials often focus their attention on these younger individuals, older adults also drink fairly frequently and experience exposure to alcohol-related harm.

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Most Teen Drinkers Experience Blackouts, Study Finds

Most Teen Drinkers Experience Blackouts, Study Finds

Posted on March 7th, 2015

A new study led by a professor at UC San Diego has found that almost all teenage alcohol drinkers between the ages of 15 and 19 experience at least one alcohol-related blackout (ARB).

Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children in Bristol, England, distinguished professor of psychiatry Marc A. Schuckit evaluated the presence of ARBs among 1,402 drinking adolescents aged 15, 16, 18 and 19. The results of the study revealed that only 5.1 percent of teen drinkers did not experience a blackout between the ages of 15 and 19.

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Missing Brain Connections Put Teens at Higher Risk for Alcoholism

Missing Brain Connections Put Teens at Higher Risk for Alcoholism

Posted on January 14th, 2015

Teenagers at risk for future alcoholism tend to have reduced connections in key brain regions, new research finds.

The impaired functioning found in the four-part study from Georgetown University Medical Center and the University of Maryland School of Medicine was not entirely new information: a connection between such reduced functioning and alcohol abuse had been found in previous research. However, those studies left doubt about whether impaired function was a cause of alcohol abuse or whether alcohol abuse was a cause of impaired functioning. By using the Drug Use Screening Inventory questionnaire to predict future alcohol use disorders, this study was able to show that reduced brain development likely contributes to alcohol abuse rather than the other way around.

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10 Risks of Holiday Drinking

10 Risks of Holiday Drinking

Posted on November 25th, 2014

When the holiday season rolls around, there are many good reasons to avoid tipping a few too many back and no real good ones for getting tanked with alcohol. Some of the risks may be familiar, while others may not immediately come to mind. Still, it pays to be aware of these 10 risks of holiday drinking — and do something proactive about them:

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Anxiety-Increases-Risk-for-Alcohol-Problems

Anxiety Increases Risk for Alcohol Problems

Posted on October 24th, 2014

Anxiety is a mental state characterized by a prominent sense of fear, dread or unease. Some people have an unusually high level of sensitivity to this state that can significantly increase the odds of developing a diagnosable mental health condition called an anxiety disorder. In a study scheduled for publication in 2014 in the journal Addiction, researchers from two U.S. universities explored the impact that heightened anxiety sensitivity and the motivation to use alcohol as a coping mechanism have on the chances that an adult will developing serious alcohol-related problems.

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Even-Moderate-Drinking-Harms-Older-Adults-Memories-2

Even Moderate Drinking Harms Older Adults’ Memories

Posted on October 20th, 2014

Excessive alcohol consumption is linked to a range of serious health problems, including disruption of memory. Public health guidelines for moderate levels of alcohol intake are specifically intended to reduce to the odds that any given person will experience alcohol-related harm. In a study published in September 2014 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, researchers from the University of Florida looked at the negative impact that even moderate alcohol consumption can have on older adults’ ability to use an essential form of memory called working memory.

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BMI,-Gender-Affect-Young-Adults-Alcohol-Consumption

BMI, Gender Affect Young Adults’ Alcohol Consumption

Posted on October 17th, 2014

People who consume alcohol excessively in episodes of binge drinking or regularly maintain a pattern of heavy drinking have clearly increased risks for a range of alcohol-related problems, including potentially fatal accidents and alcohol use disorder (diagnosable alcohol abuse/alcoholism). In a study published in September 2014 in the International Journal of Drug Policy, researchers from two U.S. universities examined the connection that body fat measurements called BMI scores have to the amount of alcohol typically consumed by young men, as well as to the amount of alcohol typically consumed by young women.

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Using-Text-Messaging-to-Alter-Drinking-Behavior-in-Young-Adults

Using Text Messaging to Alter Drinking Behavior in Young Adults

Posted on September 28th, 2014

A new study from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that using text messaging to acquire data that calculates and keeps track of one’s drinking can not only offer immediate feedback and information to people discharged from the hospital, but it can also cut down on drink-related issues and accidents.

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Stress Often to Blame for Alcohol Use Disorder

Problems Early in Life Predict Binge Drinking, Study Finds

Posted on September 8th, 2014

Binge drinking, also known as heavy episodic drinking, is an abusive form of alcohol consumption characterized by imbibing enough alcohol in a single drinking episode to meet or exceed the minimum standards for legal intoxication. Young adults between the ages of 21 and 34 have higher rates for this behavior than the members of any other age group. In a study published in July 2014 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, researchers from the University of Washington examined the factors in adolescence and earlier stages of childhood that increase the odds that a young adult will participate in binge drinking at two later stages: the initial entry into adulthood and the first few years of his or her 30s.

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People-Who-Drink-to-Relieve-Craving-Lift-Mood-Headed-Down-Path-to-Alcoholism-2

People Who Drink to Relieve Craving, Lift Mood Headed Down Path to Alcoholism

Posted on September 3rd, 2014

Tens of millions of people in the U.S. are both alcohol consumers and cigarette smokers. Millions of Americans also have simultaneous problems with alcohol use disorder (alcohol abuse/alcoholism) and nicotine addiction. Both drinking and smoking can contribute to an increase in negative emotional states such as depression and anxiety. In a study published in July 2014 in the journal Addictive Behaviors, researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles assessed the relative impact of alcohol use and cigarette use on negative mood changes. These researchers concluded that the key factor in these mood changes is alcohol craving.

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Alcohol-Overdose-Can-Happen-Fast-2

Alcohol Overdose Can Happen Fast

Posted on September 2nd, 2014

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, moderate drinking is defined as no more than one drink a day for females or two drinks a day for males. Few American drinkers consume alcohol in a way that shows they are aware of such guidelines. Everything from happy-hour specials to peer pressure makes it easy to overdrink without intending to do so. And it’s possible to overdose on alcohol, which can be dangerous and even fatal.

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