Adderall vs. Vyvanse: A Comparison

Adderall (d-amphetamine) is a central nervous system stimulant, comprised of mixed amphetamine salts (75% dextroamphetamine; 25% levoamphetamine). Amphetamines stimulate the brain by increasing the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine, the neurotransmitters involved in hyperactivity and impulse control. Adderall was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1996. It is used for the…

4 Things Your Doctor Won’t Tell You About Your Painkiller Prescription

People receiving the top treatment for pain—prescription painkillers—can rapidly transition from pain relief to painkiller addiction. And yet, your doctor may be the unwitting instigator of this misery, if you don’t ask the right questions from the start. The risk for addiction after receiving an opioid painkiller prescription, including generics of hydrocodone and oxycodone and…

10 Reasons Why Group Therapy Works

By Karen Williams, MS, LAC Intensive Outpatient Program Clinical Manager at Promises Scottsdale Group therapy works because it creates connection and reduces toxic shame through open, honest communication. Many aspects of the group dynamic contribute to the reasons why group therapy works. Here are 10 of them: 1. Hearing Your Story The first time people…

Spiritually Integrated Psychotherapy: How It Heals Trauma

By Tiffany Dzioba, PsyD, LMFT, Clinical Program Director, Promises Malibu Vista Addressing spirituality and spiritual issues in psychotherapy can be an integral part of helping clients heal from trauma and achieve post-traumatic growth. Spiritual concepts such as forgiveness, meaning-making, surrender and connectedness can help clients integrate traumatic events and move forward with new narratives and…

What Is Dextromethorphan?

If you’ve ever been asked to show your I.D. when purchasing cough medicine for yourself, you’ve likely taken dextromethorphan. Dextromethorphan, or DXM, is a drug commonly found in over-the-counter cough and cold medicines. It’s also gained a reputation for drug misuse, especially in teens and young adults. Why Do People Abuse Dextromethorphan? When taken as…