Binge Drinking and Smoking a Double Threat to Teens
"These are important findings because they emphasize the need for education and intervention programs that target the co-occurrence of these two health risks," said Brian Daly, assistant professor of public health in the College of Health Professions and Social Work at Temple University.
Science Daily reports that Daly and colleagues determined rates of smoking and binge drinking through anonymous survey data from 2,450 African-American, Hispanic, and Caucasian students in grades 9-12 at public high schools in Philadelphia. Students’ responses were compiled from the 2007 Philadelphia Youth Behavioral Risk Survey.
Students were asked how many cigarettes they’d had per day over 30 days, and how many days over a 30-day period they’d had 5 or more drinks in one sitting. Data was broken down by race/ethnicity and gender.
Researchers found that while Caucasian teens were more likely than African-Americans to either binge drink or smoke, both groups were equally likely to engage in both activities at the same time.
"In the past 30 years or so, African Americans have traditionally had the lowest instance of smoking and binge drinking," said Daly. "Those low numbers resulted in very few studies which looked at both smoking and binge drinking in a diverse sample; most focused only on instances of these in Caucasian or Hispanic adolescents."
Daly said that the equal instances of smoking and binge drinking among both groups highlights the need for a multi-pronged approach to education and intervention.
"We can't just focus on educating adolescents about the dangers of just smoking or drinking," he said. "We need to address both as one health risk, and we need to do that for all adolescents, not just one particular group."
He said that when health education teachers talk about the dangers of smoking, they should also touch on the dangers of binge drinking too, illustrating the connection.
The next phase of Daly's research will break down these rates by grade level to determine exactly when binge drinking and smoking start.
"The difference in the mindset of a 9th grader versus a 12th grader is pretty vast," he said. "And if we can determine when kids start this behavior—whether it's the summer after 8th grade, or when they're a sophomore or a senior—it can help us tailor education and treatment plans even more."