Many people don’t consider caffeine a drug, but it is the most commonly used mood-altering drug in the world. While about 1.6 billion cups of coffee are consumed worldwide a day, tea, chocolate, cocoa beverages, soft drinks and energy drinks also contain varying amounts of caffeine.
PCP is perhaps the most widely used term for phencyclidine, an illegal anesthetic known for its ability to produce extremely altered behavior and powerful hallucinations. The drug also has another famous street name: angel dust. Phencyclidine can produce serious harm in both short-term users and long-term users. Let’s take a look at the PCP effects found in each of these categories.
Phencyclidine was actually created more than 60 years ago for use as an intravenous (IV) anesthetic. However, the drug triggered major unwanted side effects and the federal government outlawed its use. The intended therapeutic purposes of PCP included:
- Pain relief
- Loss of body mobility, and
- Sleep-inducing sedation
The amount of phencyclidine you take has a significant impact on the PCP effects you experience. If you take a low or moderate dose in the range of 1 mg to 5 mg, common effects include:
- Euphoric pleasure
- Physical numbness
- A disoriented or confused mental state
- Dissociation (a sense of detachment from yourself or your surrounding environment)
- A form of involuntary eye movement called nystagmus
- A blank facial expression
- A declining ability to control your body, and
- An inability to speak without slurring your words
When you take at least 10 mg of PCP, you enter the territory of effects such as:
- Delusional thinking (including paranoia)
- Unusual, extreme and/or aggressive behavior, and
- Anxiety that transitions into outright panic
In addition, a small or large dose of the drug can trigger physical effects such as:
- Rigid muscles
- Unusually high or low blood pressure
- Heartbeat irregularities
- Nausea and vomiting
- Changes in your normal breathing, and
If you take a large dose of phencyclidine, you can also trigger an overdose. Potential consequences of a PCP overdose include:
- Non-responsive unconsciousness (i.e., coma), and
Users of the drug also have a significant risk for fatal accidents.
If you continue to use PCP over an extended period of time, you run the risk of developing a number of serious problems. A partial list of the drug’s potential long-term effects includes:
- Unpredictable “flashbacks” that spontaneously trigger the drug’s effects
- Ongoing and possibly severe speaking difficulties
- Memory disruption
- Withdrawal from social interactions
- Severe and ongoing depression
- Severe and ongoing anxiety, and
- Increased risks for suicidal thinking, planning and action
Even if you have no previous history of severe mental health problems, long-term use of PCP can also lead to an ongoing form of psychosis (i.e., hallucinations and delusional thinking) known as toxic psychosis or substance-induced psychosis.
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration: Phencyclidine https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_chem_info/pcp.pdf
University of Maryland – Center for Substance Abuse Research: Phencyclidine (PCP) http://www.cesar.umd.edu/cesar/drugs/pcp.pdf
Video gaming addiction isn’t the easiest condition to understand. While stories of ordinary people affected by the condition drive home some parallels, there seems to be an inherent difference between drug addictions and video game addiction. Accordingly, the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) lists the condition as one for further study, but doesn’t put it on the same footing as substance addictions. However, a little research into the topic reveals that there are more similarities than differences between the two.
More and more people are getting drunk on hand sanitizer, using the cleaning product as a cheap source of alcohol. The tactic is especially popular among prison inmates, alcoholics and teens. While the trend might seem absurd at first, the alcohol content of hand sanitizer is pretty high, and, of course, drinking it carries all the same risks as the consumption of any other form of alcohol.
If you haven’t heard of Molly, you have probably heard of her alternate names: ecstasy and MDMA. MDMA is a chemical substance that is the main ingredient in the party drug ecstasy. In recent years ecstasy dealers have come up with a new name, Molly, and have tried to market it as a more pure and safer form of ecstasy. Molly is no purer or safer than any drug, and in fact, the side effects of Molly can be extremely dangerous. One of the reasons it is so risky to take Molly is that you may think you are taking a drug that is safe. This may lead you to take larger doses and to take fewer precautions. Understand the risks before you consider trying this dangerous drug.
According to the CDC, between 22 percent and 40 percent of college students smoke a “hookah” each year. Along with persistent myths about the health consequences of hookah use in comparison to cigarettes, people who smoke water pipe tobacco are at an increased risk of taking up cigarettes within two years, a new study finds. Ultimately, this could lead to a lifetime of cigarette addiction, complete with the multitude of risks that the addiction carries with it.
Mike Zhang’s aunt struggled with nicotine addiction, and he ultimately had to look on as she died from lung cancer as a result of heavy smoking. Many Americans have this experience every year, watching while family members continue to smoke and ultimately risk their lives to keep dosing themselves with nicotine. Zhang, a professor of biological systems engineering at Virginia Tech, has just received the go-ahead – and $2.4 million from the National Institutes of Health – to develop a vaccine for nicotine addiction and conduct testing on mice. If successful, he may produce a medicine with the power to save the lives of over 400,000 Americans per year by short-circuiting the addictive nature of smoking and helping people quit.
Cigarette smoke contains 250 toxic chemicals, and around 70 of those are known carcinogens. Smoking-related diseases cause an estimated 443,000 deaths in the U.S. per year, and around 8.6 million people suffer from at least one serious illness caused by smoking. Smoking is the most significant cause of preventable disease and premature death worldwide. Globally, it’s estimated that 1 billion smokers suffer from nicotine addiction, which is the core reason behind all smoking-related death and disease. Without the addictive effects of nicotine, there would be no reason to smoke.
A new study from Baylor University suggests that the idea of cell phone addiction is becoming increasingly plausible. The study found that male college students spend an average of nearly eight hours on their phones each day, while female students spend an average of 10 hours per day on their phones.
A recent study has found that nicotine may be targeting parts of the brain involved in self-control, which would help explain why it is so hard to quit smoking even when we know how bad smoking is for our health.
Inhalants are a broad range of common, commercially available chemicals that get grouped together because they can function as makeshift drugs when inhaled through the nose or mouth. Use of these chemicals can trigger a number of serious or potentially fatal short- and long-term health problems. In a study published in 2013 in the journal Addiction, a team of Australian researchers assessed the prospects for eventual recovery from the nervous system-related damage associated with inhalant use. These researchers concluded that most affected individuals substantially or fully recover their nervous system health after 15 years of abstinence from inhalant intake.
Exercise should be a part of a healthy lifestyle. Regular exercise helps you to control your weight and reduce your risk of developing certain diseases and chronic conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. It helps improve your mood, gives you energy, helps you sleep and just makes you feel good in general. One of the reasons exercise boosts your mood is that it stimulates the release of chemicals in the brain that create a pleasurable sensation. These include endorphins, as well as dopamine, the same chemical released by addictive drugs.
Overcoming addiction is never an easy process. This is illustrated very clearly by the prevalence of “substitute” addictions among those in recovery. You may have overcome your dependence on a substance, such as cocaine or alcohol, but then find yourself running obsessively, overeating regularly or even switching to another substance. In many cases, the substitute addiction won’t be as harmful as the original one, but the psychological root causes of this phenomenon reveal that it is still an issue you should at very least be fully aware of.
Addiction is a complicated and sometimes mysterious disease. It becomes particularly mysterious when an addict isn’t fixed on a chemical like a drug or alcohol. People can develop behavioral addictions to activities like shopping or gambling, and how this happens is not fully understood. The latest type of addiction to be identified is pregnancy. Some women get attached to the feeling of being pregnant and of having a big family. It may sound ridiculous, but it has become a real problem for some women.
Ice or Methamphetamine is a huge problem in Arizona’s communities. Arizona has the third largest Meth distribution in the country. Ice addiction has become a significant problem. Crank, Ice, Crystal Meth or however else you’d like to refer to it, is a psycho-stimulant. This type of drug can be smoked, snorted or injected making it very popular. Primary users tend to be female, and this drug seems to ignore all social-economic barriers. Wealthy women use Ice as a weight loss product whereas low-income women turn to it as a means to stay energized and need less sleep.
Ice is quickly addictive, and even in small doses the symptoms are easily defined:
- Increased physical activity
- Mood elevation
Trying to kick this habit is difficult, more than 75% of the people who try to quit relapse. And most people attempting recovery relapse as many as four times. Recovery is a long, difficult process and it can often be difficult to see the light at the end of the tunnel. It is so very important to reach out to professionals to help ensure that this does not happen to you or a loved one.
The steps to recovery are critical:
- Be willing to stop – Recovery must begin with abstinence. It starts with the patient.
- Get counseling – one on one sessions at least once a week can help a patient work on issues that could be counterproductive to recovery. Counseling can also help find other means to replace the desire to use drugs with healthier choices.
- Support groups – It is important to remember that you are not alone. Sometimes the strongest supporters are those who know exactly what the patient is suffering. The more contact a patient has with recovering people, the greater the success.
The Sundance Centers are here to help. We are well equipped to help you or a loved one with Ice addiction so you can get back a normal life. If you or someone you know is struggling with this sort of addiction, contact us at: 844-877-2806. We can help.