Barbiturate Addiction Treatment at Promises
Because barbiturate withdrawal can be severe, clients who are dependent on barbiturates will typically undergo medical drug detox to ensure their comfort and safety. Barbiturates are highly addictive and sudden cessation can cause seizures, anxiety, irritability, insomnia and in some cases death, so it is critical that clients complete medically supervised detox in a professional setting. At Promises, each client is medically monitored and will possibly be given medication to alleviate troubling symptoms. After barbiturate detox, clients participate in individual and group therapy and are assigned to a core team of addiction and mental health treatment specialists who help guide them to recovery with evidence-based therapies.
What to Expect in Barbiturate Addiction Treatment
Barbiturate Detox – If a dependence on barbiturates has developed, the first step to getting better is medically monitored barbiturate detox. During detox clients are attended to around the clock by medical professionals. They provide research-backed medications to ease barbiturate withdrawal symptoms and ensure a comfortable, safe detox experience.
Residential Treatment – Barbiturate addiction requires both physical and emotional recovery. Effective drug rehab will not only help clients safely eliminate the drug from their system but also address issues like trauma or mental health disorders that perpetuate substance abuse. Clients learn why they’ve abused substances and acquire relapse prevention skills and healthy habits.
Aftercare – After drug rehab, continued support through an outpatient program or aftercare can help clients maintain sobriety. Having the support of addiction professionals and peers in recovery while returning to work or school and facing everyday challenges can be critical to preventing relapse. Clients continue to learn healthy coping skills and get help when faced with triggers.
Barbiturates are derivatives of barbituric acid and depress the central nervous system and produce a range of effects from mild sedation to anesthesia. They are most often used for sedation, muscle relaxation and to calm anxiety symptoms. Because people often overdose on barbiturates, they have now largely been replaced with benzodiazepines. However, both barbiturates and benzodiazepines have a high potential for physical and psychological addiction.
Barbiturates are still widely used in surgical anesthesia, especially to induce unconsciousness. Quick-acting thiopental (Pentothal) can produce unconsciousness within about a minute of intravenous injection, and phenobarbital is used as an anticonvulsant for people with seizure disorders. Long-acting barbiturates such as phenobarbital (Luminal) and mephobarbital (Mebaral) are sometimes prescribed to treat insomnia and anxiety. In high doses, barbiturates are used for physician-assisted suicide and for euthanasia and capital punishment by lethal injection.
- Amobarbital (Amytal)
- Butabarbital (Fiorinal)
- Hexobarbital (Sombulex)
- Methylphenobarbital (Mebaral)
- Pentobarbital (Nembutal)
- Phenobarbital (Luminal)
- Secobarbital (Seconal)
- Talbutal (Lotusate)
- Tuinal (equal proportions of amobarbital and secobarbital)
Though different classes of drugs, barbiturates and benzodiazepines produce similar effects. That’s why barbiturates and benzodiazepines are often abused at different times or simultaneously by the same individual. Benzodiazepines include brand name drugs like Valium, Ativan, Xanax and Klonopin.
Short-Term Effects of Barbiturates
Barbiturates enhance and amplify the activities of GABA (gamma amino butyric acid), one of the brain’s primary neurotrasmitters. When activated by barbiturates, GABA shuts off large portions of the brain, producing sedative, relaxing effects. Recreational doses produce similar effects to alcohol intoxication, including slurred speech, unusual excitement, dizziness, confusion, impaired judgment, decreased motor control, dependency, and respiratory arrest which can lead to death. When combined with another depressant like alcohol, barbiturates are even more dangerous.
Long-Term Effects of Barbiturates
Recreational users of barbiturates say that the drug gives them feelings of relaxed contentment and euphoria. Tolerance to the drug occurs quickly, and people will take higher and higher doses to get the same effect. Physical and psychological dependency may also develop with repeated use and barbiturate withdrawal will occur in the absence of the drug. Barbiturate abusers are prone to fatal overdose because the difference between an effective dose and a lethal dose narrows as the length of use increases.
Signs of barbiturate addiction may include:
- Mood swings and emotional extremes
- Agitation and irritability
- Slurred speech and slow responses
- Loss of physical coordination, clumsiness
- Confusion and memory loss
- Physical withdrawal symptoms like tremors, seizures, convulsions, fever and vomiting
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To learn more about Barbiturate Addiction, call 844-876-5568