Prescription Drug Abuse
Prescription Drug Addiction Treatment at Promises
Promises Treatment Centers provides evidence-based prescription drug addiction treatment. We offer medical detox in home-like settings where physicians, nurses and detox specialists monitor clients around the clock to ensure this period is as safe and comfortable as possible. Withdrawal symptoms are eased with research-backed medications and alternative therapies.
Following drug detox, we work with clients to craft individualized treatment plans that considers each client’s particular issues, background and preferences. Clients will participate in individual therapy and small groups as well as a number of alternative treatment approaches. Prescription drug addiction treatment at Promises restores physical and mental health while teaching clients healthy coping skills to move forward in their lives without substance abuse.
About Prescription Drug Addiction
Prescription drug addiction is a growing epidemic. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that over 52 million people in the U.S. over the age of 12 have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons. Prescription drugs often straddle the line between helpful and damaging. Many drugs help to cure illnesses and treat symptoms while also causing painful or uncomfortable side effects.
One side effect that is common to some prescription medications is addiction. Certain types of medications can be abused by people who are looking to achieve a certain state of mind: a high, relaxation and freedom from anxiety, for instance. Because of how these drugs work in the brain, this abuse can lead to addiction. It’s important to understand which medications are addictive and to only take them as directed by a physician. Three main classes of drugs often lead to addiction are depressants, stimulants and opioid painkillers.
Depressants act on the central nervous system to slow it down and make people feel relaxed, less anxious or sleepy. They are also called sedatives and tranquilizers. Doctors prescribe depressants for anxiety disorders and for sleep disorders.
Benzodiazepines – This class of depressants includes Valium and Xanax. These are used for anxiety and panic attacks, but are not used over the long-term because of the potential for addiction.
Barbiturates – Another type of depressant, barbiturates include Mebaral and Nembutal and are used less commonly than benzodiazepines because they carry a greater risk of overdosing. Doctors use them during surgery and for patients with seizure disorders.
Sleeping medications – Sleeping pills that are not benzodiazepines are the final class of depressants. These include Lunesta, Ambien and Sonata. They cause fewer side effects than benzodiazepines and are less addictive.
Depressant drugs produce intoxicating effects that may lead to abuse. These include drowsiness, reduced anxiety, an overall feeling of wellbeing and lowered inhibitions. They can also make people uncoordinated, dizzy and confused. Depressants lower people’s blood pressure, slow their breathing, and can be very dangerous when combined with alcohol.
Stimulant medications are the opposite of depressants. They act to stimulate the central nervous system and, because of the potential for abuse, they are prescribed for just a few disorders. These include ADHD, narcolepsy and sometimes depression. Amphetamines are one class of stimulants that include Adderall, Biphetamine and Dexedrine. The other class is called methylphenidates and includes Concerta and Ritalin.
Stimulants are prone to abuse because they make people feel like they have more energy. They also cause people to be alert and can help them stay awake and feel exhilarated. Stimulants are commonly abused by people who need to stay up for long hours, like truck drivers. They are also sometimes abused by students looking for a study aid to keep them awake and alert.
Stimulants can increase heart rate and blood pressure. Abusing them can lead to weight loss, seizures, insomnia, and even heart attack and stroke. Side effects of amphetamines include tremor, irritability, anxiousness, delirium, hallucinations, paranoia, panic attacks and aggressive behaviors. Methylphenidates can cause digestive problems and a loss of appetite.
Among the most addictive of all prescription medications are opioid painkillers. These are medications that are derived from, or found naturally in, the opium poppy. This class of medications includes codeine and morphine, both of which are natural compounds, and any drugs derived from them. Opioids are powerful painkillers, which is why they are often prescribed for people with severe and chronic pain. Some are also prescribed to treat diarrhea and coughing. In addition to morphine and codeine, this class of drugs includes methadone, fentanyl, oxycodone, hydrocodone, oxymorphone, hydromorphone, meperidine and propoxyphene. Some of the brand names are Percocet, Dilaudid, Darvocet, Demerol, and Lorcet.
In addition to relieving pain, opioids produce a high in the user. This euphoric feeling has been achieved for centuries by people abusing opium—a mixture of compounds that comes directly from the opium poppy. Prescription opioids provide the same effect and this pleasant sensation can quickly lead to addiction when abused.
Side effects of opioids include slowed breathing, nausea, dizziness, weakness, dry mouth, itchiness, sweating, constipation, lowered blood pressure, unconsciousness, coma and even death. All opioids have the potential for overdose, but some more so. Fentanyl, which is much stronger than morphine and is often used for terminal cancer patients, and methadone, which is used to treat heroin addicts, are more susceptible to overdose.
Take Your Life Back
Tired of drugs controlling your life? Our prescription drug addiction treatment program will help you safely and comfortably eliminate drugs from your body and heal physically, mentally and spiritually. Life in recovery is much better. Call us today for a free, confidential consultation: 844-876-5568
To learn more about Prescription Drug Abuse, call 844-876-5568