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Schizoid Personality Disorder Treatment

Schizoid personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a lifelong pattern of social isolation. It’s also called eccentric personality disorder.

Someone who suffers from schizoid personality disorder avoids others. This includes doctors and mental health professionals. People with schizoid personalities get used to living without emotional closeness. They don’t desire change. They are indifferent to social situations. They are comfortable with social isolation. When they do receive treatment, it can be difficult for them to open up to their therapist. This is why they rarely seek treatment. Yet, diagnosis and treatment is crucial.

Is SPD the Same as Schizophrenia?

The names are similar as are some of the symptoms. But people suffering from schizoid personality disorder do not lose touch with reality. They also make sense when speaking, which is not always the case with schizophrenia.

Schizoid personality disorder is in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Produced by the American Psychiatric Association, this manual lists mental health conditions. Schizoid personality is part of a group of conditions called “Cluster A” personality disorders. Paranoid personality disorder and schizotypal personality disorders are also in that group.

Symptoms of schizoid personality do not include paranoia and hallucinations. But there are similar aspects to schizophrenia when it comes to relationships. This is because people with schizoid personalities:

  • Struggle to create social relationships
  • Find it hard to form relationships in general
  • May not be able to function well in family life
  • Do not have a wide range of emotional expressions
  • Are emotionally inexperienced

People with schizoid personalities avoid social activities. They live a solitary lifestyle. They shelter themselves from the world and may be secretive. They are often viewed as odd or eccentric in social situations.

Treating Schizoid Personality Disorder

It’s important to find a mental health treatment center like Promises which offers personality disorder treatment. Opening up to others is challenging for people with this mental disorder. We work with clients to help them feel safe. They learn to develop trusting relationships while improving interpersonal skills. During treatment, medications may be prescribed to help with schizoid personality disorder symptoms. Medicine may also help with associated symptoms of anxiety or depression. Personalized treatment options may include:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It is often part of schizoid personality disorder treatment to help clients develop social skills. CBT may help clients change problematic beliefs and behaviors. It can also increase sensitivity to interpersonal cues.
  • Group therapy. It helps clients interact with peers who are also practicing new interpersonal skills. It aids in developing a support network. This may help increase their social functioning.
  • Family therapy
  • Experiential therapy to put concepts into action
  • Regular sessions with our psychiatric team to manage medication needs. This is part of schizoid personality disorder treatment and treatment for co-occurring disorders.

Schizoid personality disorder is a difficult condition to treat. It is especially difficult to treat if there is a dual diagnosis such as substance abuse. During treatment, other mental health conditions will be assessed. Staff in our treatment programs can help with many issues such as:

Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms

People with schizoid personality disorder organize their lives to avoid contact with others. They may never marry. Many continue to live with their parents as adults. They are usually not very conversational. They may engage in daydreaming or fantasizing to cope with their illness.

Symptoms of schizoid personality vary by person but may include the following:

  • Preferring to be alone or doing solitary activities
  • Appearing aloof and detached
  • Indifference to criticism or praise
  • Confusion about how to respond to social cues
  • Lack of desire for sexual relationships
  • Shunning close relationships, even with family members
  • Inability to experience pleasure
  • Daydreaming or creating fantasies about complex inner lives
  • Unmotivated, leading to under-performance at work and school
  • Following the lead of others in social situations, work, school and relationships

Causes of Schizoid Personality Disorder

The causes of schizoid personality disorder are unknown. The mental disorder shares many of the same risk factors as schizophrenia. But schizoid personality disorder is not as disabling. It doesn’t cause the same disconnection from reality that can occur in people with schizophrenia.

Genetics and environment play a role. Mental health professionals speculate that a difficult childhood contributes to the development of the disorder. Little warmth and emotion may have been present. There is a higher risk of schizoid personality disorder in families of schizophrenics. This suggests genetics may increase chances for the disorder to be passed along.

It’s difficult to assess how widespread the mental illness is. One problem is that people rarely seek treatment. They stay isolated. Schizoid personality disorder affects men more often than women. The disorder usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood.

Take Back Your Life Today

If you or a loved one is suffering from schizoid personality disorder symptoms and co-occurring issues like substance abuse, we can help. Learn to enjoy close relationships and achieve personal growth. Call us today for a free, confidential consultation: 844-876-5568.

To learn more about Schizoid Personality Disorder Treatment, call 844-876-5568

Posted on July 21, 2017 and modified on April 13, 2019

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