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Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia Treatment at Promises

Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that causes psychotic symptoms. Hallucinations and delusions are the hallmarks. The mental illness affects about 1% of Americans, both men and women. Schizophrenia symptoms usually begin in late adolescence or early adulthood. Men tend to develop schizophrenia earlier. Their psychotic episodes and schizophrenia symptoms may be more severe than women.

Schizophrenia makes it difficult to function in daily life. The lines between reality and delusion blur for a person with schizophrenia. Thoughts and emotions become disorganized and difficult to manage. Schizophrenia can be disabling. Delusions and hallucinations make it difficult to earn a living or care for oneself.

If the mental disorder is left untreated, it can be difficult to form meaningful relationships. It’s hard for loved ones to deal with schizophrenia symptoms. People with the mental illness may become isolated. Proper diagnosis and treatment allow individuals with schizophrenia to have a better quality of life.

What to Expect During Treatment of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia cannot be cured but treatment can help relieve psychotic symptoms. Some people may need time in a schizophrenia treatment center to get their symptoms under control. At Promises, our mental health professionals create personalized treatment plans. Treatment for schizophrenia may include:

  • Assessment of physical health and mental health
  • Antipsychotic drug treatment, as appropriate
  • Medication management
  • Support groups
  • Individual psychotherapy
  • Family therapy
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychosocial treatment
  • Healthy lifestyle interventions
  • Relapse prevention

Promises offers traditional and modern treatments. Clients develop the skills to manage mental illness. They learn communication, relationship and problem-solving skills. This may enable them to work or attend school, if desired and appropriate.

Schizophrenia symptoms tend to emerge during prime career-building years. This is why schizophrenia treatment options often include vocational counseling. Life balancing and independent living skills are also part of treating schizophrenia.

Health professionals will assess current prescription medicines. They may prescribe new antipsychotic medication, if needed. The effect of antipsychotic medication will be monitored over time. One of the drugs used to treat schizophrenia is paliperidone invega. Patients treated with that medicine or others must avoid alcohol and drug use. One reason is that alcohol can cause serious side effects. Treatment for substance use disorders will be part of the treatment plan, if needed.

Treating Schizophrenia and Co-Occurring Disorders

Treatment begins with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Mental health professionals will also assess co-occurring mental health disorders. This way, clients receive integrated, multidisciplinary treatment. Working on all issues at the same time will improve outcomes. Common co-occurring disorders include:

  • Substance abuse
  • Mood disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Schizophreniform disorder

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

The symptoms of schizophrenia vary depending on the individual and the type of illness. The three major subtypes of schizophrenia are:

  • Paranoid schizophrenia
  • Catatonic schizophrenia
  • Disorganized schizophrenia

All types of schizophrenia involve a significant loss of contact with reality. People with schizophrenia may hear voices that do not exist. They may believe other people are watching them. They may think others are trying to harm them or control their thoughts. This often makes them feel frightened, agitated or withdrawn.

The mental disorder can cause certain behaviors such as:

  • Talking in unusual or confusing ways
  • Not talking at all for long periods of time
  • Hallucinations like hearing voices
  • Delusions, which are beliefs that are illogical or untrue
  • Thought disorders, which are dysfunctional ways of thinking
  • Disorganized speech, such as made-up words, odd repetition or rhyming
  • Other symptoms that disconnect them from reality

There are some common delusions. For example, an individual with schizophrenia may believe:

  • They are a famous figure
  • Messages are being sent through radio or television only for them
  • Thoughts are being taken from them
  • Thoughts are being planted in their head or read by others

With paranoid schizophrenia, there is often a story or fantasy that has a theme. This remains consistent over time.

People with schizophrenia may have depression-like symptoms such as:

  • Lack of pleasure in everyday tasks
  • Inappropriate emotional responses
  • Inexpressive face or voice
  • Insomnia or oversleeping
  • Deteriorating personal hygiene

They may also have cognitive issues. This may include difficulty focusing and understanding information. It may be hard to make decisions or apply new information.

Causes of Schizophrenia

The causes of schizophrenia aren’t completely understood. Schizophrenia runs in families, but scientists have not found the exact genes. Research shows that a chemical imbalance in the brain may be the cause. Abnormalities in brain structure may be at fault. Scientists continue to study it.

About 60% of people with schizophrenia do not have a relative with the disorder. This may mean schizophrenia results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Environmental factors may trigger the disorder. These include:

  • High stress levels caused by exposure to viruses
  • Malnutrition before birth
  • Complications during birth
  • Childhood abuse
  • Loss or separation from a parent

The earliest research on this mental disorder pointed at childhood trauma as a cause. It continues to be a factor.

Take Back Your Life

Mental illness is challenging, but you can make your way to healthy living. Our caring treatment team can help you manage your mental health disorder. Call us today for a free, confidential consultation: 844-876-5568.

To learn more about Schizophrenia Treatment, call 844-876-5568

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