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Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder Treatment at Promises

At Promises, our therapists treat clients with personality disorders and co-occurring issues using evidence-based and alternative treatments. Psychotherapy helps people with schizotypal personality disorder symptoms begin trusting others by building trust with their therapist and in small groups with peers. We help clients learn the differences between their perceptions and reality, improving their communication and coping skills, boosting their self-confidence, and providing them a pathway to living a more satisfying life. Schizotypal personality disorder treatment at Promises also seeks to improve the health and function of the family system.

What Is Schizotypal Personality Disorder?

Part of a group of conditions called “Cluster A” personality disorders, schizotypal personality disorder, like schizoid personality disorder, involves eccentric or odd ways of thinking. Schizotypal personality disorder is a mental health condition in which an individual either has trouble functioning normally or experiences a great deal of distress.

Individuals with this disorder may not understand how relationships are formed or how their behavior impacts others. Often misinterpreting the behaviors and motivation of others, people with schizotypal personality disorder tend to develop a significant distrust of others. This may lead to severe anxiety in social situations, which in turn causes the person to turn inward and/or respond in an inappropriate manner to social cues.

Although schizotypal personality disorder is similar to schizophrenia in some ways, it is not the same. Schizophrenia is a mental illness in which the individual loses contact with reality (psychosis). Those with schizotypal personalities, in contrast, may experience schizotypal personality disorder symptoms such as brief psychotic delusions or hallucinations, but they are not as intense, prolonged or frequent as individuals with schizophrenia.

Another notable difference between the two is that someone with schizotypal personality disorder can be made aware of the difference between their rather distorted views of reality and actual reality. People with schizophrenia generally cannot be persuaded that their delusions aren’t real.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder Symptoms

Someone with schizotypal personality disorder is likely to exhibit a range of symptoms, including:

  • Having unusual perceptions, including delusions
  • Displaying odd, eccentric or peculiar behavior or appearance
  • Odd patterns of thinking and speech
  • Suspicious or paranoid ideas
  • Appearing to have no emotions, or being aloof and isolated
  • Lack of close friends or anyone to interact with beyond relatives
  • Odd beliefs, sometimes magical thinking that is out of touch with reality
  • Incorrectly interpreting events (e.g., feeling that a harmless or inoffensive object has personal meaning)
  • Displaying excessive social anxiety that does not diminish over time and with repeated familiarity
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Difficulties with memory, learning and attention

Intensive outpatient therapy and potentially medication or residential schizotypal personality disorder treatment is usually needed to effectively manage schizotypal personality disorder symptoms.

Causes of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Scientists don’t know what specifically causes schizotypal personality disorder. Most theories about possible causes center on the biopsychosocial model. In this model, the disorder is likely caused by a combination of:

  • Biological and genetic factors
  • Social factors (i.e., how a person interacts as a child with family, friends and other children)
  • Psychological factors (such as personality and temperament)

The biopsychosocial model suggests that there is no single cause, but that the disorder is the result of complex and intertwined factors.

There is a slightly increased risk for the disorder to be inherited if there is a relative who has schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorder. There is also an increased risk of schizotypal personality disorder symptoms among those who experienced trauma, neglect, abuse or family dysfunction during childhood.

Statistically, schizotypal personality disorder appears in less than 3 percent of the general population. Like most personality disorders, schizotypal personality disorder typically decreases in intensity with age. By the time individuals diagnosed with the disorder are in their 40s and 50s, many experience few of the most severe symptoms.

Looking for Schizotypal Personality Disorder Treatment?

Our specially trained treatment team of medical and psychological professionals can help. If you or a loved one is struggling with a personality disorder and co-occurring conditions like substance abuse, call us today for a free, confidential consultation: 844-876-5568. Life can be better.

To learn more about Schizotypal Personality Disorder, call 844-876-5568

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