A drug assessment is usually one of the first steps in treatment when entering a drug or alcohol rehab. These evaluations help clinicians develop an appropriate detox and treatment plan based on the types of substances abused and severity of addiction. Specific drug assessment tools vary by treatment program and provider. According to substance abuse and co-occurring disorders assessment guidelines created by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), some of the main components of a mental health and drug assessment might include the following: Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI) \u2014 The SASSI helps clinicians assess clients who have a high probability of having a substance use disorder. It also helps them evaluate the patient\u2019s beliefs around their substance use \u2014 for instance, whether they consider it a problem and their readiness to change their behaviors and get help. The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) \u2014 This self-report survey assesses attitudes, behaviors and use of alcohol, helping to determine problematic drinking patterns. Questions include inquiries into how often and how much the individual drinks as well as whether alcohol use has interfered with their family, work and social obligations. CAGE Questionnaire \u2014 The CAGE assessment is a four-question survey used to assess alcohol abuse. Questions center around areas like the ability to cut back on drinking, feeling guilty about drinking and needing alcohol to feel \u201cnormal.\u201d Laboratory tests \u2014 A drug assessment usually includes a urine test and sometimes a blood test. These drug screens determine the types of substances a client has been using. Background\/history \u2014 Treatment providers gather details about a client\u2019s behavioral health history and substance use patterns and those of their family members. They also obtain information about physical and mental illnesses experienced by the client and immediate and extended family. Mental health assessment \u2014 A mental health professional gathers information about co-occurring mental health symptoms and confirms or revises existing mental health disorder diagnoses. Examples of mental health assessment tools that might be used include: \tUniversity of Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale (URICA) \tMental Health Screening Form-III \tSymptom Distress Scale (SDS) \tMinnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory \u2013 II (MMPI-II) \tMillon Clinical Multiaxial Personality Inventory \u2013 III (MCMI-III) \tMini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Clients might also undergo trauma assessments, as this can be an underlying issue for substance use disorders that should be addressed in treatment. Safety screening \u2014 Patients may also be assessed for their risk of self-harm. Some of these screening tools include: \tASAM PPC-2R \u2014 Identifies considerations for immediate risk of self-harm. \tComponents of the ASI and Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN) LOCUS \u2014 Determines the severity of risk of harm and appropriate level of care. Physical assessment \u2014 Patients may undergo a physical exam to determine the impact substance use has had on their bodies. Physical exams may include blood tests, urinalysis, and blood pressure and weight checks. The end goals of drug assessments are to determine the types of substances used, the severity of drug abuse and identify any co-occurring conditions \u2014 and then figure out the best way to help the patient. It\u2019s an important step in the recovery process, providing information that will help clinicians create treatment approaches that begin repairing clients\u2019 physical and mental health.