Promises utilizes an amazing tool called neurofeedback, or EEG biofeedback, to help identify and treat co-occurring disorders, which in turn raises abstinence rates substantially and helps those in recovery stay clean and sober. Neurofeedback is a safe, comfortable way to dramatically reduce clients\u2019 vulnerability to relapse. Most people suffering from substance abuse disorders are also struggling with underlying issues, such as depression, anxiety, insomnia, and trauma. These co-occurring disorders often trigger relapses for clients in recovery (or prompt clients to leave treatment prematurely), so it is extremely important for clients to be treated for both their substance abuse disorder and any underlying conditions. In a UCLA study (published in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse in 2005), 77 percent of participants who received neurofeedback in conjunction with a 12-step program remained abstinent at 12 months, compared to 44 percent of those who didn\u2019t receive neurofeedback, but who stayed in treatment longer. This study has also been successfully replicated by other research teams. Another study of homeless male crack cocaine users showed that after receiving 12 months of neurofeedback (along with a 12-step program), 12 men graduated from the program per month. Before the study, only 12 men graduated per year. With just a small laptop and a few simple sensors, neurofeedback utilizes sound and visual brain frequencies to correct areas of hyper- (over) and hypo- (under) arousal in brain activity. Over time, neurofeedback helps correct symptoms of co-occurring disorders such insomnia, depression, anxiety, and attention-deficit disorder. The software\u2014created by a company called BrainPaint\u2014also features an intensive assessment that incorporates 12-step language, making it a perfect fit for Promises clients. Dr. David Sack, Addiction Psychiatrist and CEO of Promises, explains that neurofeedback uses sound and visual frequencies to correct areas of hyper- (over) and hypo- (under) arousal in brain activity. \u201cOver time, neurofeedback sessions help correct symptoms of attention-deficit disorder, sleep disturbances, depression, and anxiety, which in turn helps correct vulnerabilities for relapse,\u201d he said. At Promises, neurofeedback is used in a very effective, straightforward way: \u201cThe people at BrainPaint found a way to make the software user friendly and effective clinically, so we can use the system in the context of a residential treatment center, not a science lab,\u201d says Dr. Sack. Neurofeedback can also help improve people\u2019s attention by improving concentration and one\u2019s ability to focus, which is critical in early recovery. \u201cIf you can\u2019t concentrate or pay attention, treatment will not be as effective for you,\u201d explained Dr. Sack. \u201cAfter several sessions, clients begin to realize that their feelings aren\u2019t facts, and they can begin to be more objective and present in their lives.\u201d \u201cReceiving neurofeedback three times a week can increase a client\u2019s attention dramatically, making them far more likely to stay in treatment,\u201d Dr. Sack explained. Although neurofeedback is not a magic bullet, people who seem \u201cuntreatable\u201d are getting better with neurofeedback. Depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, chronic pain are problems that can be reduced in 60 sessions. People with chronic pain may need up to 80 sessions and people whose trauma has become a personality disorder may need up to 180 sessions. For clients who do need more sessions, neurofeedback is easy to continue when they return home. Clients can lease a laptop from BrainPaint and continue to work on their issues after leaving residential treatment.