The Social Effects of Alcoholism
Learn how alcohol impacts the individual, family and society. Read about its role in domestic violence, college campus assaults, and its cost to the nation and workplaces.
Brief History of Alcohol
Alcohol is the term used for ethanol, the substance suitable for humans to drink, versus methanol, which is toxic. Fermented grain, fruit juice and honey have been used to make alcohol (ethyl alcohol or ethanol) for about 10,000 years. There is evidence that humans imbibed in alcohol in China, circa 7000 B.C., Babylonians worshiped a wine goddess as early as 2700 B.C. and Ancient Greek literature warned against excessive drinking.1 Of course, many Roman emperors and their consorts gained infamy for heavy drinking and other decadent behaviors.
Social Effects of Alcohol on the Family
Although many people drink because it makes them feel better about themselves, drinking excessively can negatively impact one’s personality.
Negative impact of alcohol abuse on couples:
- Wives and girlfriends of alcoholics are often subjected to many types of alcohol-related abuse.
- Couples can also exhibit mutually violent behaviors attributed to alcohol.
- Research indicates that marriages in which only one spouse drinks heavily end in divorce 50% of the time.4
Negative impact of alcohol abuse on children:
- Data indicates that 12-70% of adults who abuse children are alcoholics.6
- Children of alcoholics often have deep-seated psychological and emotional problems due to growing up with an addicted parent.
- Children of substance abusers are 3-4 times more likely than peers to become addicted to alcohol or other drugs.7
- Children of alcoholics are at higher risk for developing an array of emotional problems including mistrust, guilt, shame, confusion, ambivalence, fear and insecurities.
- Parental alcohol abuse can cause socialization problems for children, e.g., they may avoid friendships because they are embarrassed or afraid to invite other children to their house.6
Alcohol and Partner Violence
Anger and problematic alcohol use have been established as individual risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV), victimization and perpetration.
The Research: A large study on 215 heterosexual couples in the Midwest and Southeast U.S. was conducted to analyze mutually violent behavioral patterns. Participants were required to be healthy overall without major medical problems or a psychiatric diagnosis, and could not be in active treatment for a psychological or relationship-related issue. In addition, at least one of the two had to consume an average of at least five (for men) or four (for women) or more standard drinks per occasion at least twice a month in the past year.
The Results: No mean differences were observed across gender for trait anger or physical IPV perpetration. However, significant differences were observed across gender for IPV victimization and problematic alcohol use. Men experienced more IPV victimization and reported more problematic drinking. The results of this study suggest that anger and problematic drinking patterns play different yet important roles for men and women in mutually violent relationships.8
Effects of Alcoholism on Society at Large
The damaging effects of alcohol abuse are not limited to the person who drinks nor to those closest to them. Alcohol abuse is linked to many social ills including:
- Sexual assaults against acquaintances.
- Drunk driving accidents that result in strangers losing their lives.
- A large financial toll on our nation, with the cost of excessive alcohol use reaching $249 billion in 2010, or about $2.05 per drink.
- A significant loss in workplace productivity (72% of the total financial cost to nation).
- Other societal financial costs included healthcare expenses for treating problems caused by excessive drinking (11%), law enforcement and other criminal justice expenses (10%) and motor vehicle crashes related to excessive alcohol use (5%).9
- 9,967 alcohol-impaired-driving fatalities in 2014, which accounted for 31% of all driving fatalities.5
Alcohol Addiction with Dr. David Sack
Alcohol’s Impact on College Campuses
Sexual assaults related to alcohol on college campuses have garnered media coverage and heightened public awareness. Every year, an estimated 696,000 students ages 18-24 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking and 97,000 students ages 18-24 experience alcohol-related sexual assault or date rape.5
The campus rape case involving Brock Turner is one example that illustrates the types of situations some college students face. Here are the details:
- Brock Turner, a Stanford University swimmer (now former student) sexually assaulted an unconscious woman after they were both at a heavy-drinking frat party.
- Brock admitted to drinking and his victim was so inebriated from alcohol that she fell unconscious.
- Court documents obtained by CNN shed light on the disturbing assault and Turner’s history of alcohol abuse and sexually aggressive behavior.10
- As of December 2017, Brock is appealing his sexual assault conviction on the grounds that he did not receive a fair trial.11
- About 17.6 million adults in the U.S. currently suffer from alcohol abuse or dependence. Several million more people engage in risky, binge drinking patterns that can lead to alcohol problems.2
- Nearly 88,000 people die from alcohol-related causes every year in the U.S.3
- As many as one-third of adults in the U.S. have alcohol use disorder (AUD) at some point in their lives, but only about 20% receive treatment.4
- In 2014, an estimated 679,000 adolescents ages 12-17 had an AUD.5
- About 20% of college students meet the criteria for an AUD.5
- Every year, about 1,825 students ages 18-24 incur alcohol-related unintentional fatal injuries, including motor-vehicle crashes.5
- About 1 in 4 college students report academic consequences from drinking, including missing class, falling behind in class, doing poorly on exams or papers and receiving lower grades overall.5
The social repercussions of alcohol are far reaching and often tragic. If you or somebody you know needs an alcohol detox program, call our recovery advisors today at 844-876-5568.
Life can be better. Get expert alcohol treatment.
- Alcohol: A Short History. Foundation for a Drug-Free World website. http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/alcohol/a-short-history.html Accessed July 29 2016.
- Facts About Alcohol. National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence website. https://www.ncadd.org/about-addiction/alcohol/facts-about-alcohol Updated July 25, 2015. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Stahre, M, Roeber, J, Kanny, D, et al. Contribution of excessive alcohol consumption to deaths and years of potential life lost in the United States. Preventing Chronic Disease. 11:E109, 2014.
- 10 percent of US adults have drug use disorder at some point in their lives. National Institutes for Health website. https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/10-percent-us-adults-have-drug-use-disorder-some-point-their-lives Published November 18, 2015. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Alcohol Facts and Statistics. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website. https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-facts-and-statistics Published January 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Effects of Parental Substance Abuse on Children and Families. American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress website. http://www.aaets.org/article230.htm Accessed July 21, 2016.
- Children of Addicted Parents: Important Facts. National Association for Children of Alcoholics website. www.nacoa.net/pdfs/addicted.pdf Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Sprunger JG, Eckhardt CI, Parrott DJ. Anger, problematic alcohol use, and intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration. Crim Behav Ment Health. 2015 Dec 10;25(4):273-86. doi: 10.1002/cbm.1976.
- Excessive Drinking is Draining the U.S. Economy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. http://www.cdc.gov/features/costsofdrinking/ Updated January 12, 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Stanford rape case: Inside the court documents. CNN website. http://www.cnn.com/2016/06/10/us/stanford-rape-case-court-documents/ Updated June 11, 2016. Accessed July 29, 2016.
- Brock Turner Is Appealing His Sexual Assault Conviction. New York Times website. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/02/us/brock-turner-appeal.html. December 2, 2017.