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What Are The Long-Term Effects of Xanax?

Xanax, which is the brand name of the prescription drug alprazolam, is one of the most popular anxiety drugs in the United States. It is used to treat mental health issues like anxiety disorders and panic disorders. It is among the most frequently prescribed medicines in the benzodiazepine family. However, it is also considered highly addictive. Research about Xanax shows that it has a high potential for abuse. And with almost 50 million prescriptions each year, this means millions of people are vulnerable to Xanax abuse. They may take it for anxiety or stress disorder but could end up with an addiction to Xanax. Understanding the long-term effects of Xanax can help you reach out for help when you need it.

Long-Term Health Effects of Xanax

Research shows Xanax helps anxiety disorders but is best used short term. Using this medication in ways other than as prescribed can be harmful. Some of the severe side effects of Xanax include:


One of the long-term effects of Xanax and other benzodiazepines is that people develop a tolerance quickly. This means they need more of the drug to achieve the same effect. The drug also becomes less effective for anxiety treatment. As a result, people may take high doses of Xanax beyond what a doctor would prescribe.

Psychological Dependence

Someone with a psychological dependence on Xanax makes sure they always have the drug on hand. They may think about it a lot of the time, imagine how it’ll make them feel, and rely on it to get through the day.

Xanax Addiction

Tolerance can develop without a person showing obvious signs of physical dependence. Because of this, addiction to Xanax can sneak up on them. A person may not recognize they are addicted until they stop taking Xanax.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Xanax withdrawal symptoms often reveal dependence. They can set in if the person with physical dependence stops taking the drug. Someone in withdrawal may experience a host of problems such as:

  • Tremors
  • Sweats
  • Heart palpitations
  • Muscle pain
  • Blurred vision and light sensitivity

Psychological Symptoms

Xanax abuse also has serious psychological effects. Anxiety can come back in an even more intense way. Panic attacks, paranoia, mania, and depression are common. People may also experience delirium and psychosis. These symptoms often require a trip to the emergency room or medical detox. If people do not seek medical assistance, one of the most distressing long-term effects is remaining dependent on Xanax.

Feeling Out of It

Long-term effects of Xanax may include a host of symptoms that slow people down in life such as:

  • Always feeling under sedation
  • Loss in alertness
  • Feeling drowsy and sleepy
  • Confusion

Cognitive Problems

Research shows that Xanax and other benzodiazepines produce cognitive impairment. Symptoms caused by the long-term use of Xanax include poor attention span and memory issues.

Impaired Motor Skills

With regular use, Xanax can have a sedative effect. It reduces normal motor skills and can make driving and using heavy equipment dangerous. This worsens and becomes more dangerous with chronic use.

Liver Damage

People who take Xanax as a prescription medication to treat anxiety as well as those struggling with substance use issues may suffer liver injury. Xanax metabolizes through the liver and can increase plasma levels. This causes trauma to the liver, but studies show that once the drug is stopped the liver can begin to repair itself.


One study showed that benzodiazepine use is associated with seizures. The link is strongest among people who were on a higher dose of the drug or had a history of prolonged use or multiple exposures.

Recover from the Effects of Xanax Abuse

Xanax abuse can wreak havoc on a person’s life. However, co-occurring disorders (also known as dual diagnosis) make it even more complicated. There are many treatment options for anxiety disorders and panic disorders that do not include addictive medicines. Substance abuse treatment and medical drug detox can help reverse the long-term effects of Xanax. Treatment options range from residential Xanax addiction treatment to outpatient treatment and support groups.

Reach Out to Promises Behavioral Health

At Promises Behavioral Health, we want to help you through the recovery process. To that end, we offer a variety of addiction therapy programs, including:

Learn more about our Xanax addiction treatment program by calling Promises at 844.875.5609 today.

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